There are some big differences between electric cars and fuel propelled cars. Electric cars are made up of simpler driving structures that provide automotive with the right amount of energy so you can drive on the streets for a reasonable amount of time. However, whatever electric car you may have, they are all comprised of auto electric systems essential for a safe and smooth drive.
There are three most important auto electric parts of a car. These are the motor, the controller and the battery. These must be given attention to if you own an electric car so you would know what to do in case they fail from functioning effectively or if you experience some untoward car breakdowns while on the road.
To begin with, you have to check all auto electric parts before setting out for a journey on the road or gearing up for a holiday break. This is vital to avoid unexpected car breakdowns and untoward failures in car driving.
- The electric motor is the most significant auto electric part in your vehicle. It is the component that is accountable for the driving and propelling of the mobile vehicle. The electric motor is made available in three well-known kinds. These are the permanent magnet DC, DC wound and the AC motor. The AC is the most multifaceted type of electric motor but it is the most proficient. It is more often than not employed in those vehicles that call for further power and control in order to be in motion and go up the vertical hills. Alternatively, the DC wound is the uncomplicated and the most straightforward electric motor type to put in. However, it generates less power and control than the AC one. The DC is from time to time favored for the reason that it has lower price than the others.
- The second highly significant auto electric part is the battery. Despite the fact that a quantity of cars ought to make use of the typical car batteries as a supplier of energy, the more highly developed ones bring into play the Ni batteries since they give more efficient energy source that provides additional assortment of maneuver for the vehicle. These kinds of batteries require less time to be charged and make available more energy for the motor connected.
- Finally, another important auto electric part is the controller. The auto controller is in charge for power running. The controller also is responsible for sensing the quantity of energy considered necessary by the motor. By then, the controller supplies this energy straightforwardly from the batteries with the intention of getting the car to be in motion and move about. The auto controller is very essential for the reason that it brings into lines the maneuver and function of both the battery and the motor.
In a nutshell, you have to be skilled in the mentioned auto electric parts so as to know what causes the breakdown of your car. It is also advised that you seek the help and assistance of highly-skilled auto electricians so that you have the professional detail regarding the auto electric problems that your car may have.
Many motorists think only of the gas in their fuel tank as the essential ingredient to propel their car, truck or Sports Utility SUV Vehicle down the road or highway providing them with hopefully reliable transportation. Yet electricity is one of the three things essential and necessary to allow cars – your car – to “run”. Actual electric energy from the storage battery under your automobile’s “hood” turns an actual electric motor referred to in the auto mechanical and repair trades as the “starter”. The starter (motor) in turn starts the engine, by turning it through the four “cycles” of gasoline engine. Yet the battery (properly called “storage battery”) also provides for the electric spark and sparking necessary to ignite the gasoline / air mixture in the cylinders. Yet where does the electric power stored in your battery power reservoir come from and how can it be run down or depleted?
Your Autos Electrical System – Power is Stored in the Battery:
The electrical system on board your automobile gets power from that battery, which in turn is charged or recharged by the alternator (essentially a newer form of electrical generator) while the engine is turning over. If your starter motor sounds sluggish (RR rrrr and hardly turns over), your headlights brighten perceptibly when your power plant is raced, or in a worst case if your engine will not turn over when you flip your key and activate the starter motor itself you may well be in trouble. At the best your battery will need charging. At the worst your battery may have seen the end of its functional life – or in the case of a cold Canadian prairie winter may be frozen solid and also may need replacing.
Battery Replacement – First Have it Fully & Properly Tested Before Replacement:
What to do if your battery needs a replacement or is at the end of its service interval? First have a proper diagnosis and test – not just a say so of some unqualified backyard mechanic. Big box auto stores and your local auto garage can have their technician or auto mechanic give an accurate quick test in short order. If the battery does need replacement and not just a simple charge up there are several options and routes. If the unit is still on warranty scout out a dealer selling that brand for a pro-rated warranty. You will be charged a “pro-rated” share of the cost of a new battery, depending on how many months you have driven that battery since purchase date. Think of it as similar to cell phone you upgrade or replace on a full service contract before its time is up. Secondly if the battery is past its warranty coverage you can simply purchase a replacement. Battery replacement is per capacity and to some degree battery installation size area – that is where the battery actually fits. Cranking capacity is a determinant – not only what the minimum capacity the starter motor and car requires, but also worst case climate concerns. Electrical power generation ( to power starter motors and driving) is essentially a chemical process. A battery in a very cold winter time climate only holds tiny percentage of its charge and power than during the hot summer time. Hence think of worst case scenario rather than just getting by. Penny wise and pound foolish is not a wise route. You will spend more more on one cold winter start and perhaps a tow to your auto dealership than an initial cost saving on less expensive ( and cold winter cranking rated ) battery. However if its only summer driving or you intend to sell or trade in said vehicle before the winter season – a smaller less expensive unit may do just fine.
Car & Truck Battery Care & Routine Maintenance is Key:
Lastly maintain your battery. Have it inspected and battery terminals cleaned and inspected on regular auto maintenance driving schedule by fully qualified auto repair staff. This is your best and most economical choice both from a viewpoint of your auto maintenance budget as well as for safe and reliable transportation. Its as simple as that.
Before buying an electric vehicle it is essential to gain familiarity with the necessary on-board equipment to prevent “charging” or, to use a current term, “top-up” problems.
It is important to check that the electric vehicle is fitted with a battery charger with a “standard” connection, i. e. suitable to draw electrical energy directly from ENEL’s grid and therefore from the power outlet in our garage. If it’s not then there is something wrong and you need to contact the seller.
This solution in the standard equipment fitted on an electric vehicle allows to charge the batteries in any place with mains electricity. Indeed electric cars have other various types of battery chargers. However, these do not allow to draw electricity from the mains supply but need special adapters or need to be connected directly to the charging points in service stations now available in large towns. The ideal solution is to have a battery charger on board the car with a high-frequency standard socket without the need to resort to external devices.
When taking into consideration an electric vehicle one needs to examine the costs to bear for the energy required to power the set of batteries. Models that allow to reduce energy costs are definitely the ones that allow to charge the batteries directly from the national domestic mains supply. Usually a full energy charge for a complete set of traction batteries for vehicles that draw energy directly from the mains supply does not cost more than 2 euros.
Vehicles fitted with a standard battery charger allow to optimise the time spent at home to charge the batteries. Indeed on average it takes 8 hours to fully charge a set of traction batteries. We recommend charging the entire set of batteries overnight, after the vehicle has been used during the day, in conjunction with the cheapest electricity tariff. It is also possible to charge the batteries for less time during the day for partial charges.
Partial charges do not result in problems affecting the runtime and/or efficiency of the set of batteries, as they are not subject to the memory effect. Precisely because they do not suffer from the memory effect, the set of batteries of electric vehicles has an average life of about 4 years.
A fully charged set of batteries of an electric vehicle allows for an uptime that varies between 70 and 100 km, depending on the model and set-up selected.